The Blessed Month of Safar
Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,
السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته
The Blessed Month of Safar
Safar is the second month of the Islamic calendar.
This word means “whistling of the wind”. When this name was assigned to this month, it was probably a windy time of the year. As mentioned earlier, most of the months were named according to weather conditions at the time. However, since they are based on the moon, the months shift about 11 days every year. So, the seasons do not necessarily correspond to the name of the month anymore.
Empty. During this month the houses used to be empty and deserted because the ban on going to war in the month of Muharram came to an end and everyone proceeded towards the battlefield.
Safar also means to be yellow. When the names of the months were being given it was the season of autumn and the leaves of the trees were yellow.
Many people have erroneous beliefs regarding this month i.e. it is a month of misfortune and calamities. The Teachings of Allah Subhaanuwa Tha’aala and Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallamgive us clear guidelines on such incorrect beliefs.
Allah Subhaanuwa Tha’aala Says in The Qur’ân:
Al Qur’an Surah 64 At Taghabun (Mutual Loss and Gain) Ayat 11
No kind of calamity can occur, except by the Leave of Allah
and if anyone believes in Allah, (Allah) guides his heart (aright):
for Allah Knows all things.
These erroneous beliefs have also been condemned in the context of the following Sahih Ahâdîth:
1. There is no superstitious owl, bird, no star-promising rain, no bad omen in the month of Safar. (Sahih Muslim).
2. There is no bad omen in the month of Safar and no Ghouls (evil spirits) (Sahih Muslim).
3. There is no evil omen, no superstitious owl, bird and no bad omen in the month of Safar (Sahih Bukhari).
The above Sahih Ahâdîth clearly refutes all incorrect beliefs and superstitions regarding the month of Safar. These incorrect beliefs flow from the pre-Islamic period of Jâhiliyyah [Days of Ignorance].
The Month of Safar During the Days of Ignorance (Youm e Jahiliyyah)
The Muhaddithîn have recorded many of the superstitions harboured by the Arabs during the Days of Ignorance. A few are mentioned below:
1. The pre-Islamic Arabs believed Safar to be a snake which lives in the stomach of a human being and when hungry, bites the person. This is the discomfort one experiences when gripped by the pangs of hunger.
2. Some said Safar are worms which originate in the liver and ribs due to which the colour of the person becomes yellow, a condition we know today as jaundice.
3. According to some, the month of Safar flanked by Muharram and Rabi ul Awwal is full of calamities and misfortune.
With the advent of Islam and the teachings of Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam, all evil and incorrect beliefs common in pre-Islamic times were discarded.
Today too, there are some Muslims who hold incorrect beliefs regarding the month of Safar.
1. A Nikâh performed in this month would not be successful.
The Fact remains that Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam conducted the Nikâh of Fatima (RA) in the later days of Safar 2 AH.
2. This month is full of misfortune and calamities.
3. To commence any important venture, business etc. during this month will bring bad luck.
4. The first to the thirteenth of Safar is ill-fortune and evil.
5. The person who distributes food or money on the 13th of Safar wiII be saved from its ill-fortune.
6. To celebrate the last Wednesday of Safar and regard it as a holiday.
- The Battle of Abwaa took place on 12th of Safar in the year 2 AH.
2. The Battle of Khaibar took place in the year 7 AH.
3. Hadhrat Ali (RA ) married Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam’s daughter Fatima (RA.) in the later days of Safar 2 AH.
4. Khubaib Ibn Adey (RA.) was martyred in Safar in the year 4 AH. in Makkah.
5. Zaid Ibn Dathina (RA) was martyred in this month in the year 4 AH. in Makkah.
What must we do NOW
1. To shun all types of erroneous beliefs regarding the Blessed Month of Safar.
2. To understand that the most unfortunate person is he who disobeys Allâh Subhaanuwa Tha’aala ‘s Commandments e.g. does not perform the five daily Salaah and other Fard Islamic duties..
It is narrated in a Hadîth that Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam said: “Pray, 0 Allah! Cause not anyone of us to be a wretched destitute.” He then asked: “Do you know who is a wretched destitute?” Upon the request of the Sahabah (RA) he replied, “A wretched destitute is he who neglects his Salât. ” (Hadîth).
3. We should understand that all conditions which befalls us, good or bad, favourable, or unfavourable are from Allâh Subhaanuwa Tha’aala, (as a result of our actions).
Muslims must shun all superstitious beliefs regarding the month of Safar. They must understand that misfortune will only overtake those who disobey Allah (God) and His last Messenger,Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam
Any Muslim who does not live by the Commands of Allah, who does not offer the five daily Salah (Prayers), does not care for observing Sawm (Fasting), does not pay Zakah (Poor Due Charity), refuses to go for Hajj (Pilgrimage to the Ka’bah), and does not live life according to the Islamic values as taught by the Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam, will definitely is the most unfortunate person in the whole world.
Allah Subhaanuwa Tha’aala Says: ” Whatever misfortune befalls you, it is due to the things your hands have wrought, and He forgives many a sin.” (Surah 42 Al Shura (Consultation) Ayat 30).
This can also be confirmed by the following Hadîth:
Jabir (RA) has said that, “I have heard Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam saying, the descending of illness and evil superstition befalling in the month of Safar is untrue.” (Sahih Muslim)
Let us Muslims take a firm resolution to discard all misconceptions about the Blessed Month of Safar from our very lives .ان شاء الله
Let us all live a life which adheres to What Allah Subhaanuwa Tha’aala and Rasûlullah Sallallaahu Alaihiwa Sallam Taught us. امين
في امان الله
Your brother in Islam,
A Shabbir Ahmed