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Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

Dear Brothers and Sisters in Islam,

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Ramadan Kareem

Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

The Prophet ﷺ provided the believers guidance related to eating and drinking in Ramadan and when fasting. Here are some of his sayings and traditions related to these issues.


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

“The Prophet ﷺ used to break his fast with fresh dates before praying; if fresh dates were not available, he would eat (dried) dates; if dried dates were not available, he would have a few sips of water.” [Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 3/79 and others. He said it is a ghareeb hasan Hadeeth. Classed as saheeh in al-Irwaa´, no. 922.]


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

At the time of breaking the fast, the Prophet ﷺ used to say:

islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

“The thirst has gone and the veins are moistened, and the reward is confirmed, if Allah wills” [Hasan, transmitted by Abu Daawood]


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

And the Prophet ﷺ said:

“The people will remain in good so long as they hasten to break the fast (at it’s appointed time)” [Agreed upon by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim];


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

Taking Suhoor (morning breakfast) is very much recommended by the Prophet ﷺ. The Prophet ﷺsaid:

“Take the sahoor (pre-dawn meal), for indeed in the Suhoor there is blessing” [Reported by al-Bukhaari, Fat’h, 4/139.]

“Suhoor is blessed food, and it involves being different from the people of the Book. A good Suhoor for the believer is dates.” [Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2345; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/448.]


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

During the fasting season, we should also be wary not to overeat and fill stomachs. The Prophet ﷺ said:

“Man fills no vessel worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to have a few mouthfuls to give him the strength he needs. If he has to fill his stomach, then let him leave one-third for food, one-third for drink and one-third for air.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Maajah. Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5674).


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

The Prophet ﷺ said to a man who burped in his presence: “Stop your burping, for the people who eat the most in this life will be the most hungry on the Day of Resurrection.” (Reported by al-Haakim. Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1190).


islam on Etiquettes of Eating and Drinking in Ramadan and Fasting

 

It is also important to perform Niyyah, which is to make intention (in one’s heart). The Prophet ﷺ said:

“There is no fast for the person who did not intend to fast from the night before.” [Reported by Abu Dawood, no. 2454. A number of the scholars, such as al-Bukhaari, al-Nasaa`i, al-Tirmidhi and others thought it was likely to be mawqoof. See Talkhees al-Habeer, 2/188.]

“The intention may be made at any point during the night, even if it is just a moment before Fajr. Niyyah means the resolution in the heart to do something; speaking it aloud is bid‘ah (a reprehensible innovation), and anyone who knows that tomorrow is one of the days of Ramadan and wants to fast has [due to that knowledge, already] made the intention. [Sheikh Munajjid]

في امان الله


Your brother in Islam,
A Shabbir Ahmed

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