Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barkatuh!
According to Qur’an and Sunnah
Muslims Should Not Dispute Over
Non-Fundamental Principles of Islam
The Noble Qur’an al-Anfaal 8:46
And obey Allâh and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, Allâh is with those who are As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.).
The Noble Qur’an 11:118, 119
And if your Lord had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one Ummah [nation or community (following one religion only i.e. Islâm)], but they will not cease to disagree,-
Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth – Islâmic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): “Surely, I shall fill Hell with jinns and men all together.”
Sheikh al-Albaani explains the importance of not arguing over differences in non-fundamental issues: “The Companions only differed when it was inevitable, but they used to hate disputes, and would avoid them whenever possible; as for the muqallideen, even though it is possible in a great many cases to avoid differing, they do not agree nor strive towards unity; in fact, they uphold differing.”
He continues, “The Companions (radi Allaahu ‘anhum), despite their well-known differing in non-fundamental issues, were extremely careful to preserve outward unity, staying well-away from anything which would divide them and split their ranks. For example, there were among them those who approved of saying the basmalah loudly (in prayer) and those who did not; there were those who held that raising the hands (in prayer) was recommended and those who did not; there were those who held that touching a woman nullified ablution, and those who did not; – but despite all that, they would all pray together behind one imaam, and none of them would disdain from praying behind an imaam due to difference of opinion.” [The Prophet’s Prayer, Alban, p. xxiii]
Insha’Allah, we have the above examples of what are non-fundamental issues and the importance of not bickering over them. Some examples of fundamental differences are: shirk, the five pillars, the six articles of faith.
Extreme Differing Leads to Sects
The Noble Qur’an ar-Room 30:31-32
…and be not of AlMushrikûn (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.).
Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islâmic Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the religion (Bid’ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it.
The Noble Qur’an 6:159
Verily, those who divide their religion and break up into sects (all kinds of religious sects), you (O Muhammad SAW) have no concern in them in the least. Their affair is only with Allâh, Who then will tell them what they used to do.
Once the Truth is Made Known,
The Difference Must Cease
Imaam Muzani, a companion of Imaam Shaafi’i said, “The Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (saaws) indeed differed, and some of them corrected others. Some scrutinised others’ views and found fault with them. If all their views had been correct, they would not have done so.
‘Umar ibn al-Khattab became angry at the dispute between Ubaay ibn Ka’b and Ibn Mas’ood about prayer in a single garment. Ubayy said, ‘Prayer in one garment is good and fine; Ibn Mas’ood said, ‘That is only if one does not have many clothes.’ So ‘Umar came out in anger, saying, ‘Two men from among the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (saaws), who are looked up to and learnt from, disputing? Ubayy has spoken the truth and not cared about Ibn Mas’ood. But if I hear anyone disputing about it after this I will do such-and-such to…